Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), (Left to right) Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Tête au masque(A.R. 362), 1956. White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Diameter 12¼ in (31.2 cm).

Collecting guide: Picasso ceramics

Christie’s specialists offer tips on buying and collecting, from what to look for in a glaze to finding the right motif and how to read hidden stamps. Illustrated with works offered at Christie’s 

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  • There is a Picasso ceramic for everyone

Picasso designed 633 different ceramic editions between 1947 and 1971, with a number of variants and unique pieces resulting from these initial works. Although he began by producing decorated utilitarian objects, such as plates and bowls, he later produced more complex forms such as pitchers and vases — their handles occasionally shaped to form facial features, or anatomical parts where they depicted animals. With Picasso remaining one of the highest grossing artists at auction today, the range of his ceramics means it’s easy to choose a work that is both an investment and something you’ll love. So there really is a perfect Picasso ceramic for everyone.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Hibou (A.R. 224), conceived in 1953 and executed in an edition of 25. White earthenware ceramic sculpture, with coloured engobe. Height 12¼ in (31 cm). Estimate £40,000-60,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Hibou (A.R. 224), conceived in 1953 and executed in an edition of 25. White earthenware ceramic sculpture, with coloured engobe. Height: 12¼ in (31 cm). Estimate: £40,000-60,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

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  • Familiarise yourself with Picasso’s techniques

Over the course of his lifetime Picasso explored a number of different ceramic techniques, experimenting with paint, playing with form, or engraving the clay’s surface. Eventually, extensive research led him to adopt two main production methods. The first was based on the painstaking replication of an original object by hand, following its form and decoration as closely as possible. The second saw the artist create original images in dry clay moulds, transferring a design onto fresh clay — works made using this method carry the mark Empreinte originale de Picasso.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Colombe brillante (A.R. 218), 1953. White earthenware ceramic plate, partially engraved, with coloured engobe and glaze. Length 15¼ in (38.6 cm). Estimate £10,000-15,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Colombe brillante (A.R. 218), 1953. White earthenware ceramic plate, partially engraved, with coloured engobe and glaze. Length: 15¼ in (38.6 cm). Estimate: £10,000-15,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

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  • Pay attention to stamps and markings

Every ceramic produced by Picasso features a stamp or marking, which can be found on the underside of the work, on the reverse — or even inside the piece itself. Some editions also feature their edition number (e.g. 1/40) or a date. These stamps and markings differ from one edition to another, and evolve over time. The most common, however, are ‘Madoura Plein Feu’, ‘Empreinte Originale de Picasso’ and ‘Edition Picasso’.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Sujet poisson (A.R. 139), 1952. Terracotta pitcher with black and white engobe. Length 8¾ in (22.3 cm). Estimate £2,000-3,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Sujet poisson (A.R. 139), 1952. Terracotta pitcher with black and white engobe. Length: 8¾ in (22.3 cm). Estimate: £2,000-3,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

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  • Consider condition

When deciding whether to buy any ceramic, it’s important to know how to assess its condition. Here, date can provide a useful guide. It is much rarer, for example, to come across ceramics that are still perfect in Picasso’s earlier editions. If it’s written, the number of the edition should also be taken into consideration — a work that is number one in a series of 500 (1/500) will have been made much earlier than work number 500/500.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Visage de femme (A.R. 220), 1953. Executed in an edition of 400. White earthenware ceramic plate, with coloured engobe and glaze. Length 15¼ in (38.7 cm). Estimate £15,000-25,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Visage de femme (A.R. 220), 1953. Executed in an edition of 400. White earthenware ceramic plate, with coloured engobe and glaze. Length: 15¼ in (38.7 cm). Estimate: £15,000-25,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Another consideration is whether the ceramic is glazed, unglazed or partially glazed; it is not uncommon to find faint handling marks on unglazed areas. Ceramic, however, is a complex medium, and small imperfections resulting from the production process should not be confused with condition issues. Cracks from firing, crazing — or very fine cracks — in the glaze, and marks from the studio are all part of the final piece.

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  • Pick motifs that suit your surroundings

Picasso produced more than 3,500 ceramic designs, including plates, vases, dishes, tiles and pitchers. Whether a bullfighting scene, a visage plate, an owl, goat or fish plate, or a portrait of his last muse and second wife, Jacqueline Roque, each work will sit differently depending on the surroundings — a particular design might fit better in one room than in another, depending on its shape and colour.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Visage n° 130 (A.R. 479), 1963. Numbered edition of 500. White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Diameter 10 in (25.4 cm). Estimate £5,000-8,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Visage n° 130 (A.R. 479), 1963. Numbered edition of 500. White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Diameter: 10 in (25.4 cm). Estimate: £5,000-8,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

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  • Consider your groupings

Our buyers often have more than one Picasso ceramic at home and, when deciding to buy a new piece, will often be influenced by what is already in their collections.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Hibou blanc sur fond rouge (A.R. 395), conceived on 25 march 1957 and executed in a numbered edition of 200. Terracotta plate, partially engraved, with coloured engobe. Diameter 17½ in (44.5 cm). Estimate £12,000-18,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Hibou blanc sur fond rouge (A.R. 395), conceived on 25 march 1957 and executed in a numbered edition of 200. Terracotta plate, partially engraved, with coloured engobe. Diameter: 17½ in (44.5 cm). Estimate: £12,000-18,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Some will seek out works that can easily be displayed alongside the rest of their collection, choosing to echo a particular theme or style.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Quatre poissons polychromes (A.R. 31), conceived in 1947 and executed in a numbered edition of 200 . White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Diameter 15¼ in (38.7 cm). Estimate £4,000-6,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Quatre poissons polychromes (A.R. 31), conceived in 1947 and executed in a numbered edition of 200 . White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Diameter: 15¼ in (38.7 cm). Estimate: £4,000-6,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019

Others, however, will pursue a ceramic that is completely different from anything they already own, gradually amassing examples of several of Picasso’s editions.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Poisson bleu (A.R. 180), conceived in 1953 and executed in a numbered edition of 200. White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Length 15⅝ in (39.6 cm). Estimate £5,000-8,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019, Online

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Poisson bleu (A.R. 180), conceived in 1953 and executed in a numbered edition of 200. White earthenware ceramic plate with coloured engobe and glaze. Length: 15⅝ in (39.6 cm). Estimate: £5,000-8,000. Offered in Picasso Ceramics Online, 13-20 June 2019, Online

Decide what means more to you for your collection — variety or consistency.

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  • Recognise your preference

The sheer variety of Picasso ceramics is part of their enduring appeal. Recognising your preferences, however, can help to refine the collecting process considerably.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Chouette (A.R. 602), 1969, numbered edition of 350. Height 11⅛ in (28.4 cm). Sold for £27,500, 1 Mar 2019, Online

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Chouette (A.R. 602), 1969, numbered edition of 350. Height: 11⅛ in (28.4 cm). Sold for £27,500, 1 Mar 2019, Online

Take time to consider whether you attach more importance to the shape and colour of the work, or prefer to focus on other aspects, such as the size of the edition, the year of conception, or the condition of the work. Do you prefer plates or vases? Goats or mythological creatures? Colourful or rustic styles?